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Anders Behring Breivik ist ein rechtsterroristischer und islamfeindlicher norwegischer Massenmörder. Er beging am Anders Behring Breivik (norwegische Aussprache: [ˈɑnːəʂ ˈbeːriŋ ˈbræiviːk] · Audio-Datei / Hörbeispiel Anhören, seit Juni Fjotolf Hansen; * Noté /5: Achetez Ich verteidigte Anders Breivik. Warum?: Meine schwierigste Strafverteidigung de Lippestad, Geir, Gangdal, Jon, Zuber, Frank: ISBN. Bei der Autobombenexplosion in Oslo und den Exekutionen auf der Insel. Utøya wurden am Juli durch Anders Behring Breivik insgesamt Zum Attentäter Anders Breivik. Was hat ein Mensch, der vor einem Jahr 77 Menschen in Norwegen tötete, mit interkultureller Kommunikation zu tun?
Anders Behring Breivik (norwegische Aussprache: [ˈɑnːəʂ ˈbeːriŋ ˈbræiviːk] · Audio-Datei / Hörbeispiel Anhören, seit Juni Fjotolf Hansen; * Zum Attentäter Anders Breivik. Was hat ein Mensch, der vor einem Jahr 77 Menschen in Norwegen tötete, mit interkultureller Kommunikation zu tun? Folgen. mehr zu: Anders Behring Breivik. Extremismusforscher Florian Hartleb erklärt, was Islamisten wie der Manhattan-Attentäter und Rechtsterroristen click the following article haben. Abgerufen im Free Congress FoundationNovember Abgerufen more info In: The Daily Beast August englisch. Hierfür würden unter anderem die bei Breivik zu beobachtenden Affektstörungen und seine offensichtliche Unfähigkeit, emotionale Kontakte zu anderen Personen herzustellen, sprechen. Nachforschungen der Polizei ergaben, dass ihm ga chuunibyou demo shitai! koi Verkauf von gefälschten US-amerikanischen Universitätsdiplomen zwischen und knapp eine halbe Million Euro einbrachte. April hat der Prozess gegen den Mann begonnen, der für Norwegen zum nationalen Trauma geworden ist. In: Daily Mail In: voxeurop. Über den Täter David S. Breivik er ekskludert som medlem fra Oslo Pistolklubb med umiddelbar virkning. Dieser Zweifel müsse dem Angeklagten zugutekommen. Abgerufen am 5. Im Berufungsprozess um die Unterbringung des Massenmörders hat filmaufnahmen Gericht nun zugunsten der norwegischen Justiz entschieden. April im Internet Archive Michaela alter Stern.
Andreas Breivik VideoAnders Behring Breivik cries in court Suche starten Icon: Suche. August Die Haftbedingungen verbieten jeglichen Kontakt zu Mitinsassen. Were romeo and juliet anime opinion dem Article source seiner Mutter im Beachelor verzichtete Breivik auf das Erbe, weil er nach Andreas breivik seines Anwalts dieses nicht an den norwegischen Staat abtreten wollte. Die Autobombe wurde direkt an dem Gebäude platziert, in dem dessen Büro liegt. Times Union. Zuerst dachte er: "Das schaffe ich nicht. Fotos Video Das hat ein Gericht in Norwegen entschieden. Der Titel des Textes bezieht sich auf die Schlacht am Kahlenberg  und die Amerikanische Unabhängigkeitserklärung. Den Termin nutzte er für eine Propagandaaktion. Drei Psychologen und ein Psychiater des Distriktspsychiatrischen Zentrums in Sandvika erklärten, dass der Attentäter weder psychotisch noch schizophren sei. Der Familienname lautet Breivik. Die beiden rechtspsychiatrischen Gutachten visit web page hinsichtlich Breiviks Please click for source zu unterschiedlichen Ergebnissen gekommen.
Andreas Breivik - DÃ©tails sur le produitOktober wurde das Stück in Form eines Gastspiels in Oslo gezeigt. Von bis und von Juni bis zu seinem Ausschluss kurz nach den Attentaten gehörte Breivik dem Oslo Pistolklubb an, einem Sportschützenverein in Oslo, der im norwegischen Schützen- und Sportverband organisiert ist. In: Daily Mail , Den Norske Frimurerorden. Retrieved 7 December Download as PDF Printable andreas breivik. Retrieved 20 April We strive for accuracy and fairness. This is the maximum penalty in Norway. Archived from the original on 3 December Among his complaints were that his cell is not adequately heated and he link to wear three layers of clothing to stay warm, guards interfere with his strictly-planned daily schedule, his cell is poorly decorated and has no view, his reading lamp is inadequate, guards supervise him while he is brushing his teeth and shaving and put indirect mental pressure on him to finish quickly by tapping their click at this page while waiting, he is "not having candy" and is served cold coffee, and he is read more daily, sometimes by female guards.
Andreas Breivik Offres spÃ©ciales et liens associÃ©sIn: Die Zeitabgerufen am 1. Fotos Das Gutachten wurde in Visit web page gestellt. In: FAZ. Kurz danach waren 69 Menschen tot, https://iraktribunal.se/filme-stream-hd/the-society-staffel-2.php Giskes bester Freund. Suche öffnen Icon: Suche. Ein verstörendes Urteil. Folgen. mehr zu: Anders Behring Breivik. Anders Behring Breivik verübte am Juli in Oslo und auf der Insel Utøya Anschläge, bei denen 77 Menschen starben. News und Infos zu Anders.
Breivik has said that he belongs to an organization with terror cells that remain at large. On August 24, , a Norwegian court sentenced Breivik to 21 years in prison, the maximum sentence allowed in Norway.
Although he can be released after his sentence of 21 years under Norwegian law, he will likely have his sentence extended for the rest of his life due to the severity of his crimes and his statement that he would have liked to kill more people during his trial.
Under Norwegian law, if a person is considered a threat to the public then they will not be released back into society.
We strive for accuracy and fairness. If you see something that doesn't look right, contact us! Subscribe to the Biography newsletter to receive stories about the people who shaped our world and the stories that shaped their lives.
British college caretaker Ian Huntley was arrested for two murders in after a highly publicized search for his year-old victims. Timothy McVeigh was convicted of the Oklahoma City bombing, one of the deadliest acts of terrorism in American history.
He was executed for his crimes. James Holmes was found guilty of killing 12 people and injuring 70 in a shooting rampage at a Colorado movie theater on July 20, Mobster John "Junior" Gotti allegedly served as a capo in the Gambino family and was the acting boss when his father, John Gotti was in prison.
Infamous drug trafficker Griselda Blanco is suspected of committing more than murders while transporting cocaine from Colombia to the U.
She was murdered in Colombia in Dubbed the "Night Stalker," Richard Ramirez was an American serial killer who broke into California homes, raping and torturing more than 25 victims and killing at least 13 over a two-year rampage.
Breivik tuomittiin Breivik itse piti syyntakeettomaksi leimaamista nöyryytyksenä ja halusi tulla tuomituksi veriteoistaan. Oikeudenkäynnin aikana Breivik kertoi toivovansa joko vapautusta tai kuolemanrangaistusta .
Norjassa ei ole käytössä elinkautista vankeusrangaistusta, vaan ankarin tuomio on 21 vuotta vankeutta. Eristämistä voidaan tosin jatkaa pidempään mikäli vangin turvallisuutta ei voida taata tai hän vapauduttuaan aiheuttaisi todennäköisesti vaaraa muille ihmisille.
Hän tulee kärsimään rangaistustaan Ilan erikoisvankilassa 20 km Oslosta pohjoiseen. Siellä hänellä on käytössä kolme kahdeksan neliön selliä, joista yksi on makuuselli, toinen oleskelutila ja kolmas kuntoilua varten.
Breivikillä on oma ulkoilutila. Breivikin turvallisuuden vuoksi hän ei ole missään yhteydessä vankilan muihin vankeihin.
Vankeutensa aikana, jota on kestänyt huhtikuuhun mennessä 33 kuukautta, Breivik ei ole saanut tavata muita vankeja. Ulkopuolisten vierailut ovat rajoittuneet äitiin, joka kuoli vuonna syöpään, sekä ammattiauttajiin.
Myös Breivikin kirjeenvaihtoa ulkomaailmaan on rajoitettu. Syyskuussa Breivik uhkasi aloittaa syömälakon ja näännyttää itsensä kuoliaaksi, koska hän ei ole pystynyt jatkamaan yliopisto-opintojaan.
Hän ei edelleenkään saa olla yhteydessä muihin vankeihin. Vuonna Breivik ryhtyi oikeustoimiin pitkään jatkuneen eristämisensä purkamiseksi.
Breivikin valitus epäinhimillisistä vankilaoloista hyväksyttiin osittain. Oikeuden mukaan Breivikin kohtelussa rikottiin Euroopan ihmissoikeussopimusta.
Breivikin yksityisyydensuojaa tai hänen perhe-elämänsä suojaa ei kuitenkaan oikeuden mukaan loukattu. Breivik aloitti valtiotieteen opinnot Oslon yliopistossa tuomionsa jälkeen.
Breivikin on suoritettava kaikki opintonsa eristyssellistään, eikä hän osallistu luennoille tai seminaareihin, minkä vuoksi hän ei pysty suorittamaan kandidaatin tutkintoa loppuun saakka.
Breivik pääsee sellissään käsiksi kirjoihin, mutta ei internetiin. Tämä artikkeli kertoo henkilöstä. Hänen tekemistään terrori-iskuista kertoo artikkeli Norjan iskut Pääartikkeli: Norjan iskut Katso myös: Norjan iskut Oslo tingrett.
Arkistoitu Viitattu Viitattu 9. MTV3 Uutieset. Uusi Suomi. Viitattu 2. MTV3 Uutiset. Den Norske Frimurerorden.
SVT Rapport. On 22 July , Breivik detonated a fertilizer bomb outside the tower block housing the office of Prime Minister Jens Stoltenberg in Oslo, resulting in eight deaths.
When the public force counter-terrorism unit based in Oslo arrived on the island and confronted him, he surrendered without resistance.
Breivik admitted to the crimes and said the purpose of the attack was to save Norway and Western Europe from a Muslim takeover, and that the Labour Party had to "pay the price" for "letting down Norway and the Norwegian people.
After his arrest, Breivik referred to himself as "the greatest monster since Quisling. On the way to his first jail meeting, Breivik's police escort was met with an angry crowd, some of whom shouted "burn in hell" or "traitor", while others used stronger words.
On 25 July , Breivik was charged with violating paragraph a of the Norwegian criminal code,   "destabilising or destroying basic functions of society" and "creating serious fear in the population",  both of which are acts of terrorism under Norwegian law.
He was ordered held for eight weeks, the first four in solitary confinement, pending further court proceedings. The Director of Public Prosecutions had initially decided to censor the document to the public, leaving out the names of the victims as well as details about their deaths.
Due to the public's reaction, this decision was reversed prior to its release. It would be heard in the same specially-constructed courtroom where the initial criminal case was tried.
Breivik was kept at Ila Prison after arrest. There, he had at his disposal three prison cells: one where he could rest, sleep, and watch DVD movies or television, a second that was set up for him to use a PC without Internet connection, and a third with gym equipment.
Only selected prison staff with special qualifications were allowed to work around him, and the prison management aimed to not let his presence as a high-security prisoner affect any of the other inmates.
According to one of his attorneys, Breivik was curious to learn whether his manifesto has begun to take root in society. Breivik's attorneys, in consultation with Breivik, considered whether to have some of his interlocutors called as witnesses during the trial.
The first such was cancelled by the prison administration following a background check of the journalist in question.
A second interview was agreed to by Breivik, and the prison requested a background check to be done by the police in the country where the journalist is from.
No information has been given about the media organisations in question. Breivik underwent his first examination by court-appointed forensic psychiatrists in The psychiatrists diagnosed him with paranoid schizophrenia , concluding that he had developed the disorder over time and was psychotic both when he carried out the attacks and during the observation.
He was also diagnosed with abuse of non-dependence-producing substances antecedent of 22 July. The psychiatrists consequently found Breivik to be criminally insane.
According to the report, Breivik displayed inappropriate and blunted affect and a severe lack of empathy. He spoke incoherently in neologisms and had acted compulsively based on a universe of bizarre, grandiose and delusional thoughts.
Breivik alluded to himself as the future regent of Norway, master of life and death, while calling himself "inordinately loving" and "Europe's most perfect knight since WWII".
He was convinced that he was a warrior in a "low intensity civil war" and had been chosen to save his people.
Breivik described plans to carry out further "executions of categories A, B and C traitors" by the thousands, the psychiatrists included, and to organize Norwegians in reservations for the purpose of selective breeding.
Breivik believed himself to be the "knight Justiciar grand master" of a Templar organisation. He was deemed to be suicidal and homicidal by the psychiatrists.
According to his defence attorney, Breivik initially expressed surprise and felt insulted by the conclusions in the report.
He later said "this provides new opportunities". The outcome of Breivik's first competency evaluation was fiercely debated in Norway by mental health experts, over the court-appointed psychiatrists' opinion and the country's definition of criminal insanity.
According to senior psychiatrist Randi Rosenqvist, who was commissioned by the prison to examine Breivik, he rather appeared to have personality disorders.
On 13 January , after much public pressure, the Oslo District Court ordered a second expert panel to evaluate Breivik's mental state.
If the original diagnosis had been upheld by the court, it would have meant that Anders Behring Breivik could not be sentenced to a prison term.
The prosecution could instead have requested that he be detained in a psychiatric hospital. If considered a perpetual danger to society, Breivik could have been kept in confinement for life.
To send a political activist to a mental hospital is more sadistic and evil than to kill him! It is a fate worse than death.
On 8 June , Professor of Psychiatry Ulrik Fredrik Malt testified in court as an expert witness, saying he found it unlikely that Breivik had schizophrenia.
According to Malt, Breivik primarily suffered from Asperger syndrome , Tourette syndrome , narcissistic personality disorder and possibly paranoid psychosis.
In the pre-trial hearing, February , Breivik read a prepared statement demanding to be released and treated as a hero for his "pre-emptive attack against traitors" accused of planning cultural genocide.
He said, "They are committing, or planning to commit, cultural destruction, including deconstruction of the Norwegian ethnic group and deconstruction of Norwegian culture.
This is the same as ethnic cleansing. Closing arguments were held on 22 June. On 24 August , Breivik was adjudged sane and sentenced to containment —a special form of a prison sentence that can be extended indefinitely; with an approximate period of 21 years and a minimum time of 10 years, the maximum penalty in Norway.
The court said "many people share Breivik's conspiracy theory , including the Eurabia theory. The court finds that very few people, however, share Breivik's idea that the alleged ' Islamisation ' should be fought with terror.
Since Breivik has received visits from a prison visitor — a military chaplain ranked major — every two weeks.
He is isolated from the other inmates, and only has contact with health care workers and guards. As of [update] , he has an electric typewriter and an Xbox without internet connection in his cell.
He has been enrolled since in the bachelor's degree program in political science at the University of Oslo , with a prison official providing him with materials; he does not have internet access.
In , Breivik planned to set up an organisation he called the Conservative Revolutionary Movement which he envisioned consisting of around 50 right-wing activists in Europe, as well as an organization for imprisoned right-wing activists; Breivik has written to, among others, Peter Mangs and Beate Zschäpe ;  media claimed in that Mangs had received letters.
He has said that he wants to write three books: the first being his own account of the events on the day of the attacks, the second discussing the ideology underlying his actions, and a third on his visions for the future.
Since Breivik has been held at Telemark Prison. After he came to Skien Prison, 5 out of letters that he had sent had not been confiscated, he testified in court in He added, "Of the forms regarding prison visits that I have mailed, all have been confiscated.
Politicians from several Norwegian parties have protested Breivik's activities in prison, which they see as him continuing to expose his ideology and possibly encouraging further criminal acts.
In November , Breivik wrote a page letter of complaint to the prison authorities about the security restrictions he was being held under, claiming that the prison director personally wanted to punish him.
Among his complaints were that his cell is not adequately heated and he has to wear three layers of clothing to stay warm, guards interfere with his strictly-planned daily schedule, his cell is poorly decorated and has no view, his reading lamp is inadequate, guards supervise him while he is brushing his teeth and shaving and put indirect mental pressure on him to finish quickly by tapping their feet while waiting, he is "not having candy" and is served cold coffee, and he is strip-searched daily, sometimes by female guards.
Authorities only lifted one minor restriction against Breivik; his rubber safety pen, which he described as an "almost indescribable manifestation of sadism," was replaced with an ordinary pen.
In letters to foreign media outlets he told about his demands in to prison authorities "including easier communication with the outside world and a PlayStation 3 to replace the current PlayStation 2, because it offers more suitable games"; media reported in about demands that he would starve himself to death if refused "access to a sofa and a bigger gym"; furthermore he said that "Other inmates have access to adult games while I only have the right to play less interesting kids' games.
One example is " Rayman Revolution ", a game aimed at three year-olds," Breivik complained to prison officials. In September , Breivik again threatened a hunger strike , because of deteriorating prison conditions,  but delayed in order to sue the Norwegian Government over prison conditions.
During 15—18 March , Breivik was the plaintiff in a civil trial. The Ministry of Justice and Public Security was the defendant in court, since the Correctional Service which was being sued was subordinate to the ministry.
Breivik sued the government over his solitary confinement, and his general conditions of imprisonment, including a claim of an excessive use of handcuffs.
Breivik claimed that his solitary confinement violated his human rights and asserted that he had been subjected to "degrading treatment, including hundreds of strip searches and frequent searches of his cell, including at night.
On 6 March , media said that Oslo District Court had again refused to allow the press to join a walk-through of Breivik's prison cell in the following week.
The second request had included the suggestion that one person, with a gagging order in place, could represent the entire press corps, while joining the walk-through.
On 8 March, media said that parts of the trial proceedings would be closed to the general public, according to a decision by Oslo District Court, which upheld its previous ruling.
On 14 March, members of the court performed a walk-through of prison cells used by Breivik at Ila Prison ; later the same week the members of the court inspected the prison facilities used by Breivik at Skien Prison.
Upon arrival, after police removed his handcuffs, Breivik shook hands with his lawyers, and thereafter faced the gallery and performed a Nazi-style salute.
On 16 March, Breivik started his testimony,  "to give his view on the strict prison regimen [that he is exposed to] and any damage done to his health while in prison as a cause of isolation".
I have been thinking that visits without a glass wall could be something [to consider]. I don't think that with his image, he would be violent to someone he has [some sort of] a [working-] relationship to.
NRK reported that "The Parliamentary Ombudsman has previously reported that the regimen for serving a prison sentence at the level of particularly high security " constitutes a heightened risk of inhumane treatment.
Now it appears that Parliamentary Ombudsman will not testify". At the start of the third day of the trial, Storrvik introduced a report from the "prevention section" at [the office of] the Parliamentary Ombudsman, dated 11 November , regarding a series of visits that year by the ombudsman; the report said that Breivik was being held at a section where sometimes there was only one prisoner.
He said that in that section of the prison, it should expand the planned community between prisoners and employees and consider other measures to minimise the risk of isolation damage.
At that section the prison should evaluate alternative possibilities for recreation in fresh air, in addition to the concrete exercise yard.
The report recommended that the prison should discontinue the visual surveillance of health-related conversations that occur with a glass wall between prisoner and health personnel.
Storrvik confronted Bjarkeid with a document regarding [prison] Section G being turned [in part] into a "particularly high security department".
He read: "There are obvious limits to how long he can be in Section G"; the document was written by Bjarkeid. Storrvik said that "The words are here, obviously there are limits to how long he shall be isolated.
This was in He is still in total isolation". Draugedalen shook hands with Breivik, with five prison officers present; all the later consultations until the trial were held with a glass wall separating them.
At Storrvik read from [Breivik's medical] record dated 5 February that Breivik intends to recreate less in fresh air because of the strip searches that follow; Storrvik asked Haukeland: "The fact that he goes outside less, to avoid being strip searched, was that discussed as a problem?
The sixth witness was Tore Stenshagen , also a section leader at Skien, who served during the third quarter of Stenshagen testified that sometimes he sits down [in Breivik's cell] and talks with Breivik, and sometimes they are accompanied by only one prison officer.
Iversen was asked why Breivik was transferred to Skien rather than to Ringerike Prison ; Iversen answered that he became a case-worker in , and he was not involved in the transfer.
Summing up the case for Breivik, Storrvik said: "For some reason, in Norway it has been established that in a female prison, a male prison officer cannot strip search a prisoner, but in a male prison it is ok that females are present.
This is offensive—I do not see any alternatives". He continued: "He was also awoken at night, but he had visits that compensated", and Piechowicz's isolation lasted for a shorter period; Storrvik said: "Note that one calls it isolation , even though he had one cellmate".
Poland point to a breach of EMK in our case". Storrvik said: "In my opinion there is not a complete concurrence between risk analyses and measures in our case.
Risk analyses have at an early stage come with suggestions for measures [and these have not been followed up] For example, removing the glass wall during visits and the possibility of introducing fellow prisoner, has been discussed at such an early stage that there should be a good reason for why Rosenqvist's advice has not been followed".
Storrvik compared Breivik's position as a Catch situation: if Breivik says that he has psychiatric problems, then he has picked them out of a book; if he says that he doesn't have psychiatric problems, then he doesn't have psychiatric problems.
Storrvik said that there had been no inspections by agencies tasked with oversight , as far as he knew, until the Parliamentary Ombudsman came.
Mestad said that "The government's primary task is to protect its citizens. To let a convicted terrorist establish a network, is dangerous".
Storrvik said Breivik's [previous] verdict "indicates a mental vulnerability. If that is not enough, Breivik appears—by my standards—confused in court".
Storrvik added that [in his usage] " mental vulnerability is a very, very weak expression ". Emberland said that "Storrvik is quoting from the dissenting opinions from verdicts of the ECHR"—at least as much as he is quoting the majority opinions of the verdicts.
On 18 March after the court was adjourned, the room where the trial had been held was turned back into the prison gymnasium.
Breivik's testimony about his ideology was described as incoherent. In Dagbladet , Aina Sundt Gullhaugen research advisor and psychologist said about prison superintendent Bjarkeid's opinion that Breivik is not one of the prisoners at Ila suffering [from isolation]: "And surely it is an ugly sight when humans in the basement at Ila smear feces on the walls and no longer are oriented about themselves, time or place.
But those who think that Breivik is not suffering have made themselves unavailable for the documented pain that Anders partook in [during childhood] The problem is that Breivik The type of fundamental relational and emotional deficiencies that Breivik was allowed to develop, usually results in that person ending up speaking a language that others don't recognise".
In Aftenposten , Ulrik Fredrik Malt [expert witness at the trial] said that "the mass murderer is mentally quite ill, and that's being undercommunicated".
Breivik could not receive the money, but his lawyer could upon the verdict being upheld. On 21 April news media said that Ole Kristoffer Borhaug the fengselsleder at Telemark Prison of which Skien Prison is an affiliate said that the prison regimen for Breivik would not be lightened, in part because the verdict has not been officially upheld, and there are regulations preventing high security prisoners from interacting with prisoners of other categories.
Other reactions to the verdict include those of former convicts: Kjell Alrich Schumann said that the verdict is most importantly about the principles regarding the application of isolation in Norwegian prisons; he added that "The decisions are evaluated by an entity at Correctional Service every six months, and they can use any kinds of arguments.
The government's chief lawyer in the trial, Marius Emberland, had voiced his opinion about the verdict before the appeal; his opinion was criticized by the leader of the Norwegian Judges' Association, Ingjerd Thune:  "I clearly understand that many react.
I have never heard a lawyer speak in that manner—ever. That was surprising"; lawyer Frode Sulland said that one gets the impression that Office of the Attorney General "does not respect the justice system, and they still think that they are right, even when the court thinks they are wrong"; Emberland eventually recognised that some of his verbal comments can be interpreted as arrogant, adding that "They really weren't meant that way".
On 5 August, media said that Storrvik claims that the judge [scheduled to rule in the trial] is partial;  the judge was recused. The appeal was heard in Borgarting lagmannsrett ,  which issued its judgment on 1 March On 8 June , Norway's Supreme Court upheld the verdict saying that there was no basis for a different conclusion than that by the Court of Appeals.
On 23 March , Breivik's mother died from complications from cancer. Breivik was permitted to move himself out from behind the glass wall of the visit room—to give his mother a farewell hug".
Janne Kristiansen , then Chief of the Norwegian Police Security Service PST , said Breivik "deliberately desisted from violent exhortations on the net [and] has more or less been a moderate, and has neither been part of any extremist network.
Six hours before the attacks, Breivik posted a picture of himself as a Knight Templar officer in a uniform festooned with a gold aiguillette and multiple medals he had not been awarded.
Breivik prepared a document titled A European Declaration of Independence. It also reports that Breivik spent thousands of hours gathering email addresses from Facebook for distribution of the document, and that he rented a farm as a cover for a fake farming company buying fertilizer 3 tons for producing explosives and 3 tons of a harmless kind to avoid suspicion and as a lab.
It describes burying a crate with the armour in the woods in July , collecting it on 4 July , and abandoning his plan to replace it with survival gear because he did not have a second pistol.
It also expresses support for far-right groups such as the English Defence League  and paramilitaries such as the Scorpions. India, and in particular Hindu nationalism , figures repeatedly in the manifesto where he expresses praise and admiration for Hindu nationalist groups.
He also expressed his admiration of the Russian Prime Minister Vladimir Putin , finding him "a fair and resolute leader worthy of respect", though he was "unsure at this point whether he has the potential to be our best friend or our worst enemy.
Benjamin R. Teitelbaum , former professor of Nordic Studies current professor of musicology at University of Colorado , argues that several parts of the manifesto suggest that Breivik was concerned about race, not only about Western culture or Christianity, labelling him as a white nationalist.
Thomas Hegghammer of the Norwegian Defence Research Establishment has described the ideologies of Breivik as "not fitting the established categories of right-wing ideology, like white supremacism , ultranationalism or Christian fundamentalism ", but more akin to macro-nationalism and a "new doctrine of civilisational war ".
In one section of the manifesto titled "Battlefield Wikipedia", Breivik explains the importance of using Wikipedia as a venue for disseminating views and information to the general public,  although the Norwegian professor Arnulf Hagen claims that this was a document that he had copied from another author and that Breivik was unlikely to be a contributor to Wikipedia.
Breivik's manifesto A European Declaration of Independence circulated in online fascist forums where strategies were set and tactics debated.
Breivik had been active on several anti-Islamic and nationalist blogs, including document. After studying several militant groups, including the IRA , ETA and others, Breivik suggests far-right militants should adopt al-Qaeda 's methods, learn from their success, and avoid their mistakes.
In a letter sent by Breivik to international media in January , Breivik states that he exploited "counterjihadist" rhetoric in order to protect "ethno-nationalists" and start a media hunt against "anti-nationalist counterjihadist"-supporters, in a strategy he calls "double psychology".
Breivik further states that he strives for a "pure Nordic ideal", advocating the establishment of a similar party in Norway to the now-defunct neo-Nazi Party of the Swedes , and identifying himself as a part of "Western Europe's fascist movement".
Moreover, he states that his "support" for Israel is limited for it to function as a place to deport "disloyal Jews ".
Following his apprehension, Breivik was characterised by analysts as being a right-wing extremist with anti-Muslim views and a deep-seated hatred of Islam ,  who considered himself a knight dedicated to stemming the tide of Muslim immigration into Europe.
He was at first described by many in the media as a Christian fundamentalist , Christian terrorist , and nationalist. His religious faith is Odinism.
Breivik was an active member of an Oslo shooting club between and , and since According to the club, which banned him for life after the attacks, Breivik had taken part in 13 organized training sessions and one competition since June At the time of the attacks, Breivik was a member of the Lodge of St.
Olaf at the Three Columns in Oslo  and had displayed photographs of himself in partial Masonic regalia on his Facebook profile. Skaar, issued an edict immediately excluding him from the fraternity based upon the acts he carried out and the values that appear to have motivated them.
Breivik became a member of the Progress Party FrP in He paid his membership dues for the last time in , and was removed from the membership lists in During his time in the Progress Party, he held two positions in the Progress Party's youth organisation FpU: he was the chair of the local Vest Oslo branch from January to October , and a member of the board of the same branch from October till November After the attack, the Progress Party immediately distanced itself from Breivik's actions and ideas.
In an online discussion on the Norwegian website Document. Breivik saw this as the only way to stop left-wing radical groups like Blitz and SOS Rasisme from "harassing" Norwegian cultural conservatives.
Breivik indeed became a member of this organization under the pseudonym " Sigurd Jorsalfar ". According to Breivik, the order was established as an "anti- Jihad crusader-organisation" that "fights" against "Islamic suppression" in London in April by nine men: two Englishmen, a Frenchman, a German, a Dutchman, a Greek, a Russian, a Norwegian apparently Breivik , and a Serb supposedly the initiator, not present, but represented by Breivik.
The compendium gives a " estimate" that there are between 15 and 80 "Justiciar Knights" in Western Europe, and an unknown number of civilian members, and Breivik expects the order to take political and military control of Western Europe.
Breivik gives his own code name in the organisation as Sigurd and that of his assigned "mentor" as Richard, after the twelfth-century crusaders and kings Sigurd Jorsalfar of Norway and Richard the Lionheart of England.
After an intense investigation assisted internationally by several security agencies , the Norwegian police have not found any evidence that a PCCTS network existed, or that the alleged London meeting ever took place.
The police now view Breivik's claim as a figment of imagination in light of his schizophrenia diagnosis, and are increasingly confident that he had no accessories.
The perpetrator still insists he belongs to an order and that his one-man cell was "activated" by another clandestine cell.
On 14 August , several Norwegian politicians and media outlets received an email from someone claiming to be Breivik's "deputy", demanding that Breivik be released, and making more threats against Norwegian society.
On 17 August , journalist Marit Christensen informed the Norwegian press that for the last year of Wenche Behring Breivik's life, she had been her confidant, and that a book based on Christensen's interviews with her would be published as a book in late under the title The Mother.
Norwegian author Unni Turrettini 's bestselling book The Mystery of the Lone Wolf Killer: Anders Behring Breivik and the Threat of Terror in Plain Sight examines the mind of Breivik and the phenomenon of the lone wolf killer and how they manifest themselves, delving into criminal psychology.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Anders Behring Breivik. Main article: Norway attacks. Main article: Trial of Anders Behring Breivik.
See also: Knights Templar and popular culture. Law portal Norway portal Politics portal. Telegraph Media Group.
Telegraph Media Group. Retrieved 17 January Archived from the original PDF on 6 July Retrieved 10 November Retrieved 16 April Retrieved 25 July Retrieved 13 September BBC News.
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Archived from the original on 31 May Archived from the original on 17 January Bloomberg L. Retrieved 27 December Verdens Gang in Norwegian.
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Aftenposten, morgen. Aker hospital, Oslo, February A boy. Name of parents. In Norwegian: Aker sykehus, The Daily Telegraph.
Archived from the original on 26 July Dagbladet Interview in Norwegian. Retrieved 27 April Retrieved 29 November Times Union.
Retrieved 29 July The Guardian UK. Sky News. Retrieved 24 July Verdens Gang. Dagbladet in Norwegian. Retrieved 3 April Archived from the original on 29 July Retrieved 13 April Breivik disputes this.
He was also shoplifting. But I was always willing to see him, and he knew that. It was Anders who cut it off. His decision, not mine.
NRK special. Han ble fritatt fra verneplikt, og dermed har han ikke spesialutdanning eller utenlandsoppdrag for Forsvaret.
He was exempt from conscription and therefore does not have military training or service abroad. Retrieved 2 August Kilder i Forsvarets sikkerhetsavdeling Dagbladet har snakket med, forteller at Breivik allerede ved sesjon ble luket ut av rullene som ikke tjenesteskikket.
NO: NRK. RU Decrypted Matrix. Archived from the original on 9 June Retrieved 16 September Norway: NRK. Retrieved 9 January Archived from the original on 3 December Retrieved 2 December NO: Ministry of Trade and Industry.
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Kramer 25 July Retrieved 25 August Archived from the original on 14 August Retrieved 28 March It was later discovered that the bomb that exploded in the July Oslo attacks was made of a mix of fuel and fertilizer, reminiscent of the Oklahoma City bombing.
On July 22, , a bomb exploded in a car outside the office of Prime Minister Jens Stoltenberg in Regjeringskvartalet in central Oslo.
The powerful blast killed eight people and injured hundreds. The explosion in the small, and usually peaceful, nation came as a shock to people around the world.
As news of the blast spread, Breivik boarded a ferry to the island of Utoya, 25 miles northwest of Oslo. Breivik was armed and dressed in a police uniform.
Utoya was the location of a political youth summer camp organized by the Norwegian Labor Party.
Breivik went on a deadly shooting spree at the camp, killing 69 people, mostly teens. Police arrested Breivik when they reached Utoya an hour and a half after he commenced his murderous rampage.
Breivik admitted to the killings while he was being held in police custody. Hours before the attacks, Breivik e-mailed a 1,page manifesto to 5, people, titled - A European Declaration of Independence.
In the document, Breivik attacks multiculturalism and the "threat" of Muslim immigration to Norway, as well as Marxism and the Norwegian Labor Party.
Breivik copied large sections of the Unabomber manifesto. Breivik writes that he is a "savior of Christianity," and claims to be part of an order called the "Knight's Templar.
Breivik was arrested and taken into custody, as police searched for survivors in the aftermath of the attacks.
Ennen iskuja Breivik oli pitänyt kolme vuotta vihanneksia kasvattavaa puutarhayritystä, mikä mahdollisti pommin tekoon tarvittavan lannoitteen oston suurina määrinä ilman suurempaa huomiota.
Breivikin isä asuu nykyisin eläkeläisenä Ranskassa  eikä ole ollut yhteydessä poikaansa sitten vuoden Breivikillä ei ole sotilaskoulutusta, koska hän ei suorittanut asevelvollisuuttaan Norjan armeijassa.
Aserekisterin mukaan Behring Breivikille oli rekisteröity haulikko, kivääri ja Glock-merkkinen pistooli. Breivik oli Norjan edistyspuolueen jäsen vuosina —, puolueen nuorisojärjestön jäsen vuosina —  ja nuoriso-osaston paikallisjohtaja — Breivik oli vapaamuurari vuodesta  , mutta vapaamuurarijärjestö erotti hänet heti joukkosurman jälkeen, koska jäseniksi ei hyväksytä rikollisia.
Internetissä levitetty, salanimellä Andrew Berwick kirjoitettu, kirja Eurooppalainen itsenäisyysjulistus A European Declaration of Independence on Breivikin kirjoittama.
Teos julkaistiin samana päivänä iskujen kanssa, muutama tunti ennen tapahtumia. Hän väittää edustavansa kansallista vastarintaliikettä , alkuperäiskansojen oikeusliikettä ja oikeisto -vallankumouksellista liikettä.
Breivikin on kerrottu julkaisseen internetissä islaminvastaisia kirjoituksia norjalaisella Document.
Breivikin manifesti on suurimmaksi osaksi muista lähteistä kopioitua tekstiä. Näitä kirjoittajia ja Breivikin mainitsemia verkkosivuja, kuten amerikkalaista Gates of Viennaa, yhdistää kuuluminen samaan internet-kirjoittajien yhteisöön.
Tämä blogikirjoittajien joukko käyttää itsestään nimitystä vastajihadistit. Hän kertoo jakavansa Halla-ahon mielipiteet maahanmuutosta ja myötäilee Takkulan näkemyksiä Israelista , mutta kritisoi Ahtisaaren Serbiaa koskevia lausuntoja.
Fjordman oli internetissä monien samanmielisten ihailema hahmo. Breivikin tavoin häntä kiinnostivat suuresti myös historialliset sankarit, joilla on ollut asema hänen mielestään ikuisessa sodassa islamia vastaan, muun muassa frankkien sotapäällikkö Kaarle Martel ja Puolan kuningas Juhana III Sobieski.
Sivut 11—37 ovat plagiaatti William Lindin toimittamasta teoksesta Political Correctness , jonka on julkaissut vuonna amerikkalainen Free Congress Foundation.
Breivik on todennut että hän pyrkii edistämään "puhdasta pohjoismaista ihannetta", puolustaen samanlaisen puolueen perustamista Norjaan joka olisi esikuvana Ruotsissa toimivan uusnatsipuolueen , Ruotsalaisten puolueelle.
Breivik tunnistaa itsensä osaksi "Länsi-Euroopan fasistista liikettä". Aiemmin Norjan poliisi oli ilmoittanut, että Breivik on uskonnollinen kiihkoilija, jolla on äärioikeistolainen tausta.
Oslolaisen Rauhantutkimuksen instituutin johtaja Kristian Berg Harpvikenin mukaan Breivik ei ole äärikristitty, fundamentalisti tai minkään kristillisen järjestön jäsen, mutta kannatti kristillisiä perinteitä.
Breivik vei Pommin räjähdyksestä kuoli 8 ihmistä. Lippestadin mukaan Breivik halusi muutosta yhteiskuntaan ja omasta näkökulmastaan katsottuna hän tarvitsi pakkokeinoja vallankumouksen kautta.
Hän toivoi hyökkäävänsä yhteiskuntaa ja yhteiskunnan rakennetta vastaan. Breivik tuomittiin Breivik itse piti syyntakeettomaksi leimaamista nöyryytyksenä ja halusi tulla tuomituksi veriteoistaan.
Oikeudenkäynnin aikana Breivik kertoi toivovansa joko vapautusta tai kuolemanrangaistusta . Norjassa ei ole käytössä elinkautista vankeusrangaistusta, vaan ankarin tuomio on 21 vuotta vankeutta.
Eristämistä voidaan tosin jatkaa pidempään mikäli vangin turvallisuutta ei voida taata tai hän vapauduttuaan aiheuttaisi todennäköisesti vaaraa muille ihmisille.
Hän tulee kärsimään rangaistustaan Ilan erikoisvankilassa 20 km Oslosta pohjoiseen. Siellä hänellä on käytössä kolme kahdeksan neliön selliä, joista yksi on makuuselli, toinen oleskelutila ja kolmas kuntoilua varten.
Breivikillä on oma ulkoilutila. Breivikin turvallisuuden vuoksi hän ei ole missään yhteydessä vankilan muihin vankeihin.
Vankeutensa aikana, jota on kestänyt huhtikuuhun mennessä 33 kuukautta, Breivik ei ole saanut tavata muita vankeja.Hours before the attacks, Breivik e-mailed a 1,page manifesto to 5, people, titled - A European Declaration of Click the following article. If the original diagnosis had been upheld by the court, it would sniper homeland stream meant that Anders Behring Breivik could not be sentenced to a prison term. She fled her abusive home at age 17 and soon after that became a teenage mother. The conclusion of the stay from the psychiatrists was that Breivik should be placed in the foster care system and had to be removed from his mother for him to develop normally. Norjassa ei ole käytössä elinkautista vankeusrangaistusta, vaan ankarin tuomio on 21 vuotta vankeutta. Click to see more Sanomat. Under Norwegian law, if a person is considered a threat to the public then they will not be released back into andreas breivik. Retrieved 28 April